About Us

Glossary


Articulating Boom

A boom lift whose mast can unhinge at the joints to extend its reach. An articulated boom lift has the
ability to navigate around obstacles.

Battery Capacity

Battery Capacity is measured with its ability to maintain power over a period of time with a specified
consumption of energy, presented in Ampere hours (Ah).

Battery Compartment

The manufacturer's allotted space of a lift truck, provided to house a battery. In the Guru, the battery compartment is expressed as: L x W x H. (Length x Width x Height)

Battery Connector

A specialized housing connecting-unit that connects the power unit of a lift truck to the battery.

Battery Discharge Indicator

A meter or gauge utilized on lift trucks that indicates the state-of-charge in the battery (BDI).

Battery Lead Length

Referenced as length in inches and/or millimeters, connects a battery to the lift truck motor(s).

Battery Lead Termination

Location of the exterior plug-in connection to connect to a battery charger.

Battery Weight, min.

The specific minimum weight of a battery for per lift truck model recommended by the OEM.

Brakes, parking

Method by which the parking brakes of a lift truck is engaged.

Brakes, service

Method by which the service brakes of a lift truck is applied.

Cantilever

A shelf that is only supported on one side. Also known as a button shelf.

Capacity

The rating given a lift truck indicating the amount of weight that a truck will lift to a predetermined fork height at a specified load center.

Casters

Non-powered wheels containing a swiveled base that allows them to turn freely; used on class 2 & 3 lift trucks.

Class 1

Electric Motor Rider Lift Trucks: Stand-Up Rider , Sit-Down Rider Cushion Tire , Sit-Down Rider Pneumatic Tire, 3-Wheel Rider Electric

Class 2

Electric Narrow Aisle Lift Trucks: High-Lift Straddle-Type , Narrow Aisle Single Reach , Narrow Aisle Double Reach, Narrow Aisle Swing Reach, Counterbalanced Order Picker, Straddle Order Picker, Turret Trucks

Class 3

Electric Hand Trucks: Walkie Low-Lift Pallet Walkie/Ride Low-Lift Pallet Walkie/Ride Reach Pallet Walkie/Ride Straddle Pallet Walkie/Ride High-Lift Counterbalanced

Class 4

Internal Combustion Cushion Tire Lift Trucks

Class 5

Internal Combustion Pneumatic Tire Lift Trucks

Condition

A model's physical condition can greatly influence its value.
Values include:
Excellent - near new condition; clean; fully repaired, including major new or rebuilt
components; tires or undercarriage with 80% or more life.
Very Good - used, but not too harshly; no components or attachments missing; no
major hydraulic leaks

Control Type

References the type of technology, which controls the electrical and mechanical functionality of a lift truck.

Control Valves

A valve that controls the direction of flow of hydraulic fluid.

Counterbalanced

A lift truck that utilizes weight in its chassis to counterbalance a load.

Cushion Tire

A solid tire made of rubber, polyurethane or other compounds, generally used indoors in a warehouse environment.

Cylinders/Displacement

The number of cylinders as designated by the engine OEM/ Internal combustion engines are often quantified by their volumetric displacement, referenced as cu. in.

Discharge Meter

A meter that indicates the state-of-charge in a lift truck's battery.

Drawbar Pull

The pulling or towing force, in pounds, at the hitch or coupler of a lift truck.

Duplex Mast

Same as Two-Stage Mast Full Free Lift Mast.

Engine Manufacturer

References the OEM that manufactures the engine for a given model.

Engine Model

References the engine nomenclature; sometimes dependant on the lift truck OEM. Many lift truck OEMs do not manufacture their own engines.

Equipment Description

A listing of important features and specifications, which identify a particular model.

Features Available

As indicated by the circular icons associated for each displayed model. A feature is available when the icon is illuminated and not available when the icon is grayed-out.

Fork Carriage Width

The maximum width of the fork carriage. The carriage is designed to raise and lower in front of the mast; the forks connect to the carriage.

Fork Size

Dimensions of lift truck forks, expressed as: thickness x width x length.

Fork Spread

The maximum distance the forks can be positioned, expressed as width, measured from the outside edge of the forks.

Free Lift

The vertical distance the forks can be raised before a mast begins to telescope.

Freezer Protection

A means of preparing a lift truck to operate in freezer or cold environments. Some conditioning may include specialized hydraulic oils, special paint and components.

Fuel Tank Capacity

The maximum capacity of the fuel tank of a lift truck.

Full Free Lift

A truck where the fork carriage travels to the top of the inner mast before the inner mast begins to rise.

Gradability

The maximum percent of a slope a lift truck can negotiate with a capacity load.

Hours Per Year

The range of objective hours a user expects to operate a machine on a yearly basis; used as an RV Calculation factor.

Hydraulic Pressure

Indicates the standard pressure of hydraulic fluid for a particular lift truck model, measured by pounds per square inch.

Length to Fork Face

The length of the lift truck measured from the extreme rear end of the lift truck to the vertical surface of the fork face.

Lift Speed, empty

The maximum upward speed forks can travel without a load.

Lift Speed w/load

The maximum upward speed forks can travel with a maximum capacity load.

Lift Interrupt

Measures the state-of-charge of the battery and when the charge falls below a predetermined level, the lift interrupt locks out the lift contacts to prevent lift.

Limited Free Lift

The amount the forks raise before the overall lowered height of a mast increases.

Load Backrest

Connected to the fork carriage, the load backrest extends vertically; the load backrest is a grated shield, which prevents loads from sliding backwards.

Load Capacity

The maximum weight a specified lift truck can lift and/or carry, specified by the OEM.

Load Center

The horizontal distance between the front face and the longitudinal midpoint of an evenly distributed load.

Load Wheels

The wheels located on the load end of a truck.

Lower Speed, empty

The maximum downward speed forks can travel without a load.

Lower Speed w/load

The maximum downward speed forks can travel with a maximum capacity load.

Mast, standard

(Standard Mast) the standard mast designated by the OEM, which is included as standard equipment on a fully configured model.

Mechanical Lift

A non electrical lift.

Mezzanines

Using standard components for support, economical units may be constructed with an open "deck-over" upper level, or additional shelving.

MFH

Maximum Fork Height. The maximum height of lift truck forks when the mast of the lift truck has reached full extension.

Microprocessor

An integrated circuit that contains the control and processing elements of a microcomputer.

Narrow-Aisle Truck

A lift truck, which is designed specifically for narrow aisles. A narrow aisle is generally considered 7 to 9 feet wide.

NET Horsepower

Maximum horsepower at the flywheel, with intake and exhaust systems in place and accounting for load from auxiliary systems.

Operating Weight

The weight of a standard configured machine, which is assembled and in working order. Please see our specification sheets to see the operating weight.

Operator Type

The designated operator position of a lift truck, classified by industry class type, in which an operator of the lift truck stands, sits or walks.

Order Picker

A lift truck with all controls for raise/lower, travel mounted on an operator's platform that raises and lowers with the forks.

Outriggers I.D.

The distance between the inside portion of the outriggers, the distance varies as outriggers are adjustable; class 2 & 3 only.

Outriggers O.D., max

The distance measured at the outside surface of outriggers at their maximum outward spread; class 2 & 3.

Overall Height Lowered

The height of a mast completely collapsed.

Overall Height Raised

The maximum extended height of the top of the load backrest or fork carriage of a completely extended mast.

Overall Width

The distance between the widest part of a lift truck. In the Guru, when referring to overall width for class 2 & 3 trucks, overall width refers to the width of the power unit, not the outriggers.

Overhead Guard

A framework above the operator's head attached to a lift truck to protect an operator.

Overall Guard Height

The distance from the floor surface to highest point of the overhead guard.

Power Type

Refers to the mode of energy or motive force by which a lift truck is propelled, examples include: gasoline/LPG/diesel engine, electric.

Pneumatic Tire

An inflatable tire generally used in an outdoors environment.

Quad-Stage Mast

A lift truck mast that has four sections

Rated Output @ rpm

That engine power available at a specified output of a device under specified conditions of operation. Referenced as revolutions per minute (rpm).

Rated Torque @ rpm

The force that rotates or turns a crankshaft; stated in lb-ft.

Reach Extension

The maximum distance a fork carriage can be extended forward, horizontally. This function is limited to Class 2 & 3 Reach Trucks.

Reach Truck

A truck equipped with a pantograph-type reach mechanism that allows the forks to extend out past the supporting outriggers.

Resistor

A device, which impedes the flow, provides resistance to electrical current in a circuit.

Resistor Control

A type of speed control that utilizes resistors to reduce the voltage to a motor.

Rider Truck

A lift truck designed to be operated by an operator whom stands or sits on the unit.

Right Angle Stack

The ability to turn a lift truck 90 degrees in an aisle.

SCR

Silicon Controlled Rectifier. An electronic switch that can be turned on and off very quickly that allows current to pass through in one direction.

SCR Control

A speed control using solid-state components.

Service Weight

The overall weight of a fully configured lift truck; in the Guru, class 2 & 3 lift truck weights include the minimum weight battery.

Sideshift

An attachment which can move the forks horizontally to the left or right to aid in retrieving or placing a load.

Sideshift Package

A complete shideshift system includes valve, hydraulic hose group and the sideshift hardware.

Simplex Mast

Same as Two-Stage Limited Free Lift Mast.

Solenoid

An electromagnetic device consisting of a coil with a moveable core. Energizing the coil causes the core to move and perform some kind of mechanical action.

Solid State

Any device that control current flow without requiring a movement of parts, a heating of filaments, or a vacuum gap.

Sound Level

The measurable sound level of a lift truck, measured as dBA.

Stand-Up Rider

A lift truck designed to be controlled by an operator standing.

Straddle

The act of poisoning a load between a lift truck's outriggers or that the outriggers straddle the load.

Straddle Stacker

A lift truck that has outriggers that goes on either side of a load.

Straight Mast Boom

A boom that can be extended as a telescope from within itself, eliminating the need to manually add sections to lengthen its reach.

Steering

The type of steering system included on a standard lift truck model.

Telescopic Boom

A boom that can be extended as a telescope from within itself, eliminating the need to manually add sections to lengthen its reach.

Three-Stage Mast

A lift truck mast that has three sections

Tilt Angle

The distance a mast can move (tilt) forward and backward by means of hydraulics. The guru expresses tilt angle values as back/front.

Tire Size, front

Refers to the tires, generally the Drive tires, expressed as:

Tire Size, rear

Refers to the rear or "steer" tires, expressed as:

Tire Type

Identifies functional elements as well as common features and structures of lift truck tires. Most common types include: cushion and pneumatic tires.

Transmission Speed F/R

The number of speeds of a transmission, referenced as Front/Back.

Transmission Type

Assembly of gears and associated parts by which power is transmitted from the engine to a driving axle.

Transistor Control

A speed control for operation and reduced battery drain.

Travel Speed, empty

The maximum speed a lift truck can travel without a load.

Travel Speed w/load

The maximum speed a lift truck can travel carrying a full load, or rated capacity.

Tread, front

The distance from the centerline of a front tire to the centerline of its matching tire.

Tread, rear

The distance from the centerline of a rear tire to the centerline of its matching tire.

Triple Stage

A telescoping mast, which is comprised of three, connecting masts, same as Three-Stage Mast.

Triplex Mast

Same as Triple Stage and Three-Stage Mast.

Turning Radius

The radius of a circle created by outmost projection of a lift truck when the operator has the steering mechanism in the tightest turning position.

Two-Stage Mast

A telescoping mast that is comprised of two connecting masts: Limited Free Lift (FL) & Full Free Lift (FFL).

Under clearance, frame

Smallest distance between the wheelbase portion of a lift truck frame and a floor surface.

Under clearance, min.

Smallest distance between a lift truck and a floor surface.

Valves

A hydraulic device that controls fluid flow direction, pressure, or flow rate.

Voltage

The measurement of the force which causes electrical current to flow in a conductor, expressed in volts, examples: 24, 36, 48, 72 & 80 volts.

Wheelbase

The distance between the front axle and the rear axle of a lift truck.

Wheels

The numbers of wheels on a standard lift truck, generally designated by the class type.

Walkie

A motorized pallet lift truck with limited lift, which an operator walks with controlling direction and speed by a control handle.

Walkie Ride

A motorized pallet lift truck with limited lift, which an operator walks rides with controlling direction and speed by a control handle.

Year

The year a particular model was manufactured.