There are hundreds of models of forklifts offered by the twenty most frequently sold brands in the United States. The lift truck manufacturers and their suppliers formed the Industrial Truck Association in 1951in part to agree on a common classification of forklifts as well as to collect statistics on the industry. The ITA has divided all manufactured forklifts in to one of five classes of product.
Class I – Electric Sit Down Rider
This class is powered by 24v, 36, 48v or 80v batteries. The products in this class include:
- Three-wheel sit down riders
- Counterbalanced four-wheel tire riders (cushion or pneumatic tire models)
- Counterbalanced stand-up rider
Class II – Narrow Aisle
This class is powered by 24v, 36 or 48v batteries. The products in this class include both narrow ailse (6 ft – 8ft wide aisles) and very narrow aisles (less than 6 feet wide aisles):
- Order Pickers
- Order Selecters
- Reach Trucks
- High Lift Straddle Trucks
- Side Loaders
- Turret Trucks
- Swing Mast
- Convertible Turret/Stock Pickers
- Low Lift Pallet and Platform (Rider)
Class III – Walkie Riders
This class is powered by 24v, 36 or 48v batteries. The products in this class include are motorized pallet trucks which are the electric heavy duty version of the manual pallet jack. They typically are offered in walk behind (walkies) or stand-on (rider) versions.
Class IV – Warehouse Cushions
This class is powered by internal combustion engines, most frequently LP Gas. They are typically equipped with cushion tires which are solid tires generally with no tread pattern (though tread patterns are available) designed for use indoors on smooth solid surfaces.
Class V – Yard Pneumatics
This class is powered by internal combustion engines including LP Gas, gasoline, dual fuel and diesel. They are equipped with pneumatic tires which require air and are designed for use outdoors on uneven and loose surfaces. Pneumatic tire trucks typically have higher ground clearance.
Equipment Depot represents a variety of forklift manufacturers. Each manufacturer offers a range of ITA class lift trucks with varying power sources and capacities.